Web browsers

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Warning: When using niche browsers beware the risk of fingerprinting. Use Panoticlick to see your fingerprint.

Mozilla Firefox

Mozilla Firefox is a web browser descended from Netscape Navigator.

Mozilla offers five officially compiled branches or channels of Firefox: Release, Beta, Dev Edition, Nightly, and ESR.

Mozilla Firefox
Firefox-logo.png Firefox (Release)
  • The Release branch of Firefox is geared towards the the average home or office Web user. It receives a major update every six weeks if all goes according to plan, but security and stability patches are issued as needed in the meantime.
Firefox-logo.png Firefox ESR
  • The Extended Support Release branch of Firefox is geared towards large organizations who require long-term support for mass deployments, but it is can also be a good option for the technologically illiterate. It remains static for approximately one year after a major release, receiving new code only in the form of security and stability patches.
Warning: Firefox’s pre-release versions send certain types of web activity and crash data to Mozilla and in some cases to its partners. Paraphrased from the Mozilla privacy policy
Mozilla Firefox (pre-releases)
Firefox-beta-icon.png Firefox Beta
  • The Beta branch of Firefox is geared towards home users who want to try new features a few weeks early while contributing to Firefox development. It is generally quite stable with most remaining bugs being specific to certain configurations or drivers. In the course of a typical six week beta run, there are between seven and thirteen builds released.
Firefox-developer-edition-icon.png Firefox Developer Edition
  • The Developer Edition or alpha branch of Firefox replaced the Aurora branch and is geared towards Web developers and includes extra development tools and a special theme. Some instability and bugs should be expected.
Firefox-nightly-icon.png Firefox Nightly
  • The Nightly or pre-alpha branch is intended for testing and debugging purposes. It represents the bleeding edge of Firefox development, so the likelihood of encountering instability, security vulnerabilities, and major bugs is high. As the name implies, Nightly typically receives patches on a day-to-day basis and new features as soon as they become ready. Oddly, it is the only official branch in which native 64-bit builds for Windows are offered.

Firefox forks

Warning: Firefox forks take longer to release security patches.[1]
Firefox Family
Warning: Waterfox quietly sold out to System1, an advertising company.[2]

Waterfox-icon.png Waterfox

  • Waterfox is a modified version of Firefox ESR that supports both legacy extensions and WebExtensions.
Icecat-icon.png GNU IceCat
  • GNU IceCat, a fork of Firefox that tries to be more freedom-respecting. IceCat is bundled with GNU LibreJS, an add-on which disables any non-free JavaScript on webpages.
Tor-browser-bundle-icon.png Tor Browser
  • The Tor Browser is a package designed specifically to visit .onion sites and to route traffic via the tor network. It is the safest way to use Tor according to the Tor Project. It also protects you from fingerprinting.
Palemoon-icon.png Pale Moon
  • Pale Moon - affectionately called Pale Meme, is another browser.
Basilisk-icon.png Basilisk
  • Basilisk is yet another browser from the developer of Pale Moon.
Seamonkey-logo.png SeaMonkey
  • SeaMonkey is a closely related descendant of Netscape Navigator - a more classic "internet suite" with e-mail and IRC clients built-in. Based on Firefox ESR, SeaMonkey continues to support legacy extensions.


Chromium-logo.png Chromium

  • Warning: In 2015 a Debian maintainer found a binary blob related to voice recognition in Chromium. This has been removed by the project maintainers.
  • Chromium is a web browser known for its extremely fast JavaScript execution and multi-process security model. Upon release, Chromium was ahead of the competition by leaps and bounds in terms of raw performance. In the years following, Firefox and Opera largely equaled and in some cases surpassed its performance advantage, although Chromium still tends to maintain a slight edge in UI responsiveness and JavaScript execution. While usually recommended for use, many users stay away from this browser as it has not been audited as much as Firefox has, and in protest of its (easy to disable) tracking features.

Chromium forks

Brave-icon.png Brave

  • Brave is a privacy-focused web browser based on Chromium created by Brendan Eich, former CEO of Mozilla.
  • Blocks ads by default.
    • Users can opt-in to an ad system and get payed in Basic Attention Token (BAT). Ads are displayed via system notifications.
    • BAT can be automatically donated to BAT publishers according to user preference.
  • Blocks third party trackers with blocklist from disconnect.me.

Iridium-icon.png Iridium

  • Iridium is another privacy focused fork of Chromium.

Otter.png Otter

  • Otter is a web browser project that aims to recreate and improve upon the features of classic Opera using the Qt5 toolkit. It is in development at the time of writing, and is thus unsuited for general use.

Chromium-logo.png ungoogled-chromium

  • ungoogled-chromium is a fork that removes code related to Google web services from the browser. It also provides some optional tweaks to enhance "privacy, control and security".

Obscure hipster browsers


Midori.png Midori

  • Midori is a lightweight web browser with a GTK+ interface. It is a component of the XFCE Goodies package.

Falkon.png Falkon

Qutebrowser.png QuteBrowser

  • QuteBrowser is a highly configurable browser with vi-like bindings written in Python.
    • jblock is an ad-blocker for QuteBrowser.
    • jmatrix is a uMatrix style firewall for QuteBrowser
    • Prefers emacs bindings? Here.

Surf.png Surf

  • Surf is a web browser developed according to the Suckless philosophy, which means it's effectively a WebKit frontend.

Dooble.png Dooble

  • Dooble is a web browser focused on security and privacy with many integrated features like support for advanced options and cookie management, Gopher support, a FTP browser, a file manager, a download manager, and many others.

Konqueror.png Konqueror

  • Konqueror is a web browser and file manager that was once a core component of the K desktop environment. Webkit and Blink are both descendants of its KHTML layout engine.

Beaker Browser

  • The Beaker Browser is an experimental browser bult around the dat peer-to-peer protocol.


  • Links is a text-based web browser that can display images.
  • w3m is another text-based web browser that can display images.
  • ELinks is a text-based based web browser that runs from the terminal.
  • Lynx is the oldest web browser still under active development. It strips pages of images, doesn't use JavaScript, and is great for just reading what is needed, like an article. It also utilizes other system programs, should you need to open an image file, for instance.
  • browsh is a browser that makes pseudo-graphical text renders of websites. (See screenshots).


For ad-blocking add-ons see the dedicated page.